Dynamics of Globalization - AIB Northeast 2007 Conference

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Academy of International Business Northeast U.S. Annual Conference
October 18-20, 2007 ~ Portsmouth, NH


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 14
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    The effects of technology convergence on markets
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Beaudry, David N.
    Technology Convergence is more than a buzz word. Technology Convergence is the combining of two or more different technologies or services to create a new product offering that can disrupt established markets or create new markets when it successfully occurs. A classical example of technology convergence is the automobile, which was created by convergence of a horse carriage with the internal combustion/steam engine to create the horseless carriage and displaced more than the horseless carriage. The paper is a descriptive study that covers the technology convergence in many market segments including effect in current convergence in Digital Photography and Portable Music Players. The paper also describes examples Medicine, Sports and Commercial segments. It concludes with the observation that it is critically important for firms' future existence to focus some efforts on technology convergence.
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    The role of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) in a changing global business environment
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Deans, P. Candace
    As described in this research abstract, "The role and responsibilities of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) have changed substantially over time. As business becomes more global in nature and more companies move their operations to economic centers in Asia, technology becomes a key integrating factor in cost considerations and collaboration across cultures. The knowledge necessary to manage information, systems, and people globally has become more complex as business has become more international in focus. A changing role requires new skills and knowledge. The shift to globally integrated companies requires a new mindset in supporting business strategy. Technology components must be developed that support corresponding business components in order to provide the flexibility and adaptability necessary to remain competitive. (Sanford and Taylor, 2005). It is more essential than ever that CIOs have international business knowledge to provide insights and vision that meet the demands of a senior level position and support the company’s global strategy. Many of today’s CIOs acquired their formal education at a time when technical competence was a primary focus or business knowledge was more general in nature. Although many CIOs in larger companies have gained international business expertise through their own experiences, most have not received formal knowledge in the international business realm specifically. Today’s CIO needs industry specific knowledge and overall business competence. Return on Investment (ROI) has become a significant part of the equation. During earlier phases of technology development, especially the internet revolution, companies poured money into technology without paying much attention to ROI. Today, that has changed as more companies are more carefully examining their IT investments. CEOs today must understand the role of technology in their overall strategy and supporting operations. The CIO plays an important role in educating the CEO and playing a partnership role in leading the organization. These roles require not only competence in management and technology but also specifically in international business. There is a need today for more formalized knowledge that addresses the unique issues associated with doing business internationally. This knowledge will be required of future CIOs and those aspiring CIOs who are in business management programs today." (Library-derived description)
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    International itinerants and traditional expatriates : different breed or different circumstance?
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Shaydulova, Angelique; Banai, Moshe
    This exploratory study extends the concept of boundaryless careers toward international career management. It focuses on a new breed of expatriate managers who are becoming more prevalent in multinational corporations—the international itinerant. A group of 52 traditional expatriate managers is compared with a group of 86 international itinerants and, contrary to previous propositions no differences have been found in the levels of organizational commitment, locus of control, and instrumentality of the two groups. Explanations of the findings and propositions for future research are provided.
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    Do oil exports increase the perception of corruption?
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Riveras, Jorge
    Many authors have written about the "resource curse" where countries with large abundance of mineral resources have a consistent pattern of slow growing economies. Through the use of a logistic regression, that employs corruption perception index, economic freedom index, gross domestic product per capita, unemployment and oil exports; this paper finds that there is not causal relationship between country's oil exports and the corruption perception. Nevertheless, other factors used in the model such as the economic freedom and level of development show a strong correlation with the country's corruption perception.
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    Applying system dynamics modeling of innovation’s effects on wages
    (Southern New Hamsphire University, 2007-10) Beaudry, David N.
    Using system dynamics modeling tools, this paper explains the effects of innovations on relative international wages based on two countries. The Heckscher-Ohlin model of international trade is the bases factor-proportions theory. The paper also incorporates related research by Stolper & Samuelson, Vernon, Krugman and Dollar. System Dynamics Modeling is being used to demonstrate of innovation’s effects on wages because this type of modeling permits a visual representation of the cause and effects of innovation on wages in an international trade environment. The paper demonstrates the effects of innovation and technology adoption on relatives wage differential between the countries. It demonstrates the importance of innovation as a tool to maintain wages in a capital-abundant country and the importance of technology adoption in a labor-abundant country.
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