Dynamics of Globalization - AIB Northeast 2007 Conference

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Academy of International Business Northeast U.S. Annual Conference
October 18-20, 2007 ~ Portsmouth, NH


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Now showing 1 - 14 of 14
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    The effects of technology convergence on markets
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Beaudry, David N.
    Technology Convergence is more than a buzz word. Technology Convergence is the combining of two or more different technologies or services to create a new product offering that can disrupt established markets or create new markets when it successfully occurs. A classical example of technology convergence is the automobile, which was created by convergence of a horse carriage with the internal combustion/steam engine to create the horseless carriage and displaced more than the horseless carriage. The paper is a descriptive study that covers the technology convergence in many market segments including effect in current convergence in Digital Photography and Portable Music Players. The paper also describes examples Medicine, Sports and Commercial segments. It concludes with the observation that it is critically important for firms' future existence to focus some efforts on technology convergence.
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    The role of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) in a changing global business environment
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Deans, P. Candace
    As described in this research abstract, "The role and responsibilities of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) have changed substantially over time. As business becomes more global in nature and more companies move their operations to economic centers in Asia, technology becomes a key integrating factor in cost considerations and collaboration across cultures. The knowledge necessary to manage information, systems, and people globally has become more complex as business has become more international in focus. A changing role requires new skills and knowledge. The shift to globally integrated companies requires a new mindset in supporting business strategy. Technology components must be developed that support corresponding business components in order to provide the flexibility and adaptability necessary to remain competitive. (Sanford and Taylor, 2005). It is more essential than ever that CIOs have international business knowledge to provide insights and vision that meet the demands of a senior level position and support the company’s global strategy. Many of today’s CIOs acquired their formal education at a time when technical competence was a primary focus or business knowledge was more general in nature. Although many CIOs in larger companies have gained international business expertise through their own experiences, most have not received formal knowledge in the international business realm specifically. Today’s CIO needs industry specific knowledge and overall business competence. Return on Investment (ROI) has become a significant part of the equation. During earlier phases of technology development, especially the internet revolution, companies poured money into technology without paying much attention to ROI. Today, that has changed as more companies are more carefully examining their IT investments. CEOs today must understand the role of technology in their overall strategy and supporting operations. The CIO plays an important role in educating the CEO and playing a partnership role in leading the organization. These roles require not only competence in management and technology but also specifically in international business. There is a need today for more formalized knowledge that addresses the unique issues associated with doing business internationally. This knowledge will be required of future CIOs and those aspiring CIOs who are in business management programs today." (Library-derived description)
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    International itinerants and traditional expatriates : different breed or different circumstance?
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Shaydulova, Angelique; Banai, Moshe
    This exploratory study extends the concept of boundaryless careers toward international career management. It focuses on a new breed of expatriate managers who are becoming more prevalent in multinational corporations—the international itinerant. A group of 52 traditional expatriate managers is compared with a group of 86 international itinerants and, contrary to previous propositions no differences have been found in the levels of organizational commitment, locus of control, and instrumentality of the two groups. Explanations of the findings and propositions for future research are provided.
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    Do oil exports increase the perception of corruption?
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Riveras, Jorge
    Many authors have written about the "resource curse" where countries with large abundance of mineral resources have a consistent pattern of slow growing economies. Through the use of a logistic regression, that employs corruption perception index, economic freedom index, gross domestic product per capita, unemployment and oil exports; this paper finds that there is not causal relationship between country's oil exports and the corruption perception. Nevertheless, other factors used in the model such as the economic freedom and level of development show a strong correlation with the country's corruption perception.
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    Applying system dynamics modeling of innovation’s effects on wages
    (Southern New Hamsphire University, 2007-10) Beaudry, David N.
    Using system dynamics modeling tools, this paper explains the effects of innovations on relative international wages based on two countries. The Heckscher-Ohlin model of international trade is the bases factor-proportions theory. The paper also incorporates related research by Stolper & Samuelson, Vernon, Krugman and Dollar. System Dynamics Modeling is being used to demonstrate of innovation’s effects on wages because this type of modeling permits a visual representation of the cause and effects of innovation on wages in an international trade environment. The paper demonstrates the effects of innovation and technology adoption on relatives wage differential between the countries. It demonstrates the importance of innovation as a tool to maintain wages in a capital-abundant country and the importance of technology adoption in a labor-abundant country.
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    An alternative to privatization of transition economy state-owned enterprises : the case of China
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Wang, Liu
    Recent literature has focused on privatization in addressing the issue of making state-owned enterprises (SOEs) more competitive in the global marketplace. As a result, a number of SOEs have been privatized in many transition economies. Unfortunately, there have not been major performance improvements in the aftermath of privatization within these contexts. Therefore, we are interested in exploring whether privatization is an incomplete or maybe even erroneous solution to making transition economy SOEs more competitive. Using China as an illustration, this paper analyzes the possibility of employing contractual incentives as an alternative strategy in conquering SOE inefficiency, and proposes that a well-designed incentive system will work as an effective countermeasure as opposed to straightforward privatization in solving the SOE problems in transition economies.
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    FDI in Poland : determinants and implications for countries in transition
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Torrisi, C. Richard; Delaunay, Christian J.; Kocia, Agata; Lubieniecka, Marta
    This paper examines the determinants of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Poland and the Polish FDI experience since economic transition to a full market economy began in late 1989. Poland with a population of 38 million, a fully liberalized market economy in the center of Europe and recently as a full member of the E.U., has become a major recipient of FDI inflows. As a smaller emerging market, analyzing its success in the market for FDI is instructive and relevant for many other countries.
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    Why some countries thrive despite corruption : the role of trust on the corruption-efficiency relationship
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Li, Shaomin; Jun Wu, Judy
    While it is widely accepted that corruption negatively affects economic growth, why some countries achieve rapid growth under rampant corruption remains a puzzle. We shed light on this issue by examining the role of trust in the corruption-efficiency relationship. We argue that in countries with a relatively high level of trust, corruption tends to be more "efficiency enhancing" than corruption in countries with a relatively low level of trust, which tends to be more "predatory" and thus, inefficient. To illustrate our arguments, we first conduct a qualitative comparative case study of China and the Philippines. We then further subject our ideas to a quantitative test using a pooled data set of 65 countries in two time periods. Both our case study and statistical test support our general hypothesis that trust mitigates the negative effect of corruption on economic growth.
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    Quality is not strategy : Nash equilibrium and international market entry
    (Southern New Hamsphire University, 2007-10) Vos Fellman, Philip; Nugent, Nicholas Sr.; Vos Post, Jonathan; Doyon, David
    A recent Harvard Business Review article by Suarez and Lanzolla (2001) entitled the Half-truth of First Mover Advantage argued that this is a business concept which has so much intuitive appeal that its validity is almost taken for granted. In the following paper, we illustrate how typical applications of game theory to describe first mover advantage in the context of international markets are generally set up use an improper theoretical framework and compare incommensurable qualities and quantities. We then review the work of Porter (1996) and others with respect to sustainable competitive advantage and suggest that the Nash equilibrium may provide some guidance as to the kinds of circumstances in which a profitable first mover advantage may or may not be obtainable when entering international markets.
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    Leadership style of Indian managers: a comparative analysis
    (Southern New Hamsphire University, 2007-10) Schragle-Law, Susan; Samii, Massood; Sharma, Nidhi
    This study focuses on the comparative analysis of Indian and American style of management in the context of Hofstede’s framework, the GLOBE Project, Level 5 Leadership, and a creativity dimension. Geert Hofstede pioneered a study of cross cultural management using data from IBM employees; his research has set a new paradigm and a model for cross cultural research. In our study, we test Hofstede’s attributes with the new data that we have collected from Indian business people.
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    Work and non-work adjustments of public sector expatriates
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Fenner, Charles R. Jr.; Selmer, Jan
    Research on public sector expatriates is not very common, despite their increasing numbers. This is lamentable, since our much more advanced knowledge about private sector expatriates may be less applicable to their public sector counterparts. To rectify this deficiency, U.S. Department of Defense administrators assigned to U.S. embassies worldwide were targeted for this study. Results indicated that, in contrast to recent studies of private sector expatriates, stress experienced by the respondents outside work may only have a limited cross-domain effect on the level of stress in the work place. Interaction adjustment had a positive association with work adjustment but general adjustment had no relationship with the adjustment to work. Additionally, the extent of self-efficacy of the public sector expatriates was not associated with work adjustment, neither directly or indirectly. Implications of these findings are discussed in detail.
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    Transnational advocacy networks confront transnational tobacco marketing
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Mukherjee, Amit; Tyrrell, Brian
    World Health Organization's (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is a major blow to the worldwide expansion strategies and marketing practices of transnational tobacco companies. As expected, the industry vehemently opposed the treaty, lobbying instead for voluntary agreements and regulation by the market. However, in spite of bitter and persistent opposition by the tobacco industry, the FCTC was adopted by WHO. If the tobacco industry 'lost' its battle to prevent FCTC from being institutionalized, who 'won' and how? Our research suggests that Transnational Advocacy Network's (set of non-state actors working together on an international issue that are bound together by shared values, common discourse, and dense exchange of information and services) efforts won the battle by being able to better convince the decision-makers as to the needs of the FCTC by relying on, and successfully disseminating, its knowledge, expertise and ideas.
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    The dynamic structure of clusters : characteristics and dimensions
    (Southern New Hamsphire University, 2007-10) Manus, Alexandru
    This paper will present the idea of clusters from Michael Porter’s perspective, and bringing together literature regarding the choice of location for industrial clusters, the final goal of this paper will be to create a dynamic system model of an industrial cluster and the factors affecting its location and thus, its evolution.
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    The Reebok Core Board : analysis of a global sport product
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2007-10) Hecox, Mark G.
    The complexity of developing and successfully launching a global sport product can be overwhelming to international sport business managers who lack a global product & marketing perspective and understanding. It is the goal of this analysis to investigate the development and evolution of a global sport product, the Reebok Core Board, using the contingency theory conceptual framework by examining product and situational factors that led to key challenges faced by Reebok when developing and launching a “global sport product”. There is a detailed assessment of major internal and external conditions shaping outcomes when the Reebok Core Board was launched in the global fitness market. The author endeavors to provide future international product and marketing managers with useful insights and strategic perspective when faced with managing international complexity. Areas of examination for the international business professional include; sport product development, sport marketing, international sport business, alliances, sport consumer research and strategic planning. This historical analysis case study utilizes multiple sources of data including executive interviews, non-confidential marketing plans and secondary resources.
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