International Business Faculty Papers

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    Enterprise social networks : application to oil industry
    (Journal of Global Commerce Research, 2009) Samii, Massood; Manus, Alexandru; Frutos, Dinorah
    We believe that Enterprise Social Networks (ESNs) will help improve communication among stakeholders within the created "virtual" communities and improve overall operational efficiency of the industry. Such a model requires the creation of "network externalities" through a large number of participants in the network. It is postulated, that the larger the membership in the community the greater the advantages of membership. The paper demonstrates how ESN would work for the oil industry and explains how various members could benefit from their participation in the network. The value chain of the oil industry and its various participants as well as the interaction and business value creation for each enterprise group are discussed.
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    Comparative performance of IPO in Japan and United States
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2001) Takei, Hideki; Samii, Massood
    The increase in the initial public offerings (IPOs) in recent years has created a considerable interest in the study of their behavior. The price performance of post IPO has been studied extensively. However, these studies have focused on the US market and there is very little systematic analysis on the comparative performance of IPOs in various international markets. In this paper we evaluate post IPO performance of stocks in the US and in Japan. The major conclusion is that while the over all pattern of price performance is the same in both markets, there are differences that distinguish the two markets.
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    Global shock transmission to emerging markets
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2003-07) Dasari, Usha; Dhakar, Tej S.; Samii, Massood
    The process of global integration has intensified the competition in world markets during the 1990s. In the new environment, many developing countries are increasingly relying upon greater trade integration for upgrading their international competitiveness and promoting their dynamic comparative advantage. In view of growing global integration, this paper attempts to analyze whether Indian, Hungarian and Polish economies have become more internationalized as a result of economic reforms embraced by each of these countries in early 1990s and hence vulnerable to global economic cycles: the integration hypothesis. The paper applies variance decompositions derived from vector auto regression to assess the degree of economic integration of the three economies with U.S. economy. The study concludes that, in the pre-liberalization period U.S. economy did not influence the Indian, Hungarian and Polish economies. Shocks from U.S. had no impact on their aggregates. In the post liberalization period, however, the results are mixed. Hungarian aggregates show very low degree of integration with US followed by Poland, and India. Although, all the three countries have shown varying degrees of integration in the post-liberalization period, none of the economies are found to be overly vulnerable to international shocks. It can be argued that despite opening of economy and transition towards integration with the global economy, the degree of integration across countries still remains significantly low.
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    Trade balances, economic growth and linkages to multinational foreign direct investment to Asia
    (Southern New Hampshire University, 2001) Hassan, Mahboubul; Samii, Massood
    This research has investigated whether trade balance is an indicator of foreign direct investments by a multinational corporation. It addresses two principal research questions. First, what are the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Asia? Second, is trade balance an indicator of FDI? If so, is there any lag effect on FDI for a specific Asian country? Based on annualized time series data for 8 sampled countries in Asia, the results indicate for majority of sampled Asian countries significant statistical correlation exists between the four explanatory variables (GDP growth rate, trade balance, percentage change in real wages, and the average tax rate) and the monetary size of FDI. For majority of sampled Asian countries the coefficient of trade balance is statistically significant, and for only 2 sampled Asian countries, the study indicate significant statistical correlation exists between one period lag monetary size of FDI and the current period FDI. Based on the empirical findings, an MNC, by investing (FDI) in either exportable or import substitutable products of countries that are facing trade balance problems, will be in a stronger position to negotiate better incentives from the host country which in turn will enhance the MNCs value. This research has also shown that an MNC, which is looking for a location of its FDI, will be better off by investing in the sampled Asian countries that are facing trade balance problems and simultaneously are the recipient of FDI.
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    A cultural analysis of management styles : the United States with a new generation of managers in India and China
    (Journal of Current Research in Global Business, 2008) Samii, Massood; Schragle-Law, Susan; Yan, Chang
    In this study, the outcome of our research represented an interesting difference with both Hofstede’s and GLOBE’s results. Our focus is on well educated, highly trained managers from the US, India and China. The participants were upwardly mobile, some MBA educated, many trained in the Western style of management - essentially a new generation of managers. Questionnaires were given to managers working in multinationals in each of these countries and/or individuals with advanced education. This study extends the findings of Hofstede, the GLOBE and Level 5 Leadership by focusing on the management styles of the modern sector of emerging economies. The research suggests that there are significant and rapid changes on how to manage and how to compete in the new global economy.
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