Emigration from the Hungarian Banat, 1900-1920

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Southern New Hampshire University
The early Twentieth century represented peak emigration years for Hungary and the Hungarian Banat. The research of this paper uses a social lens to convey the historical context of the period in relationship to emigration from the region. Between 1900 and 1920 the outflow of minority populations was due to nationalization tension, economic factors, conscription, social unrest and a lack of equity in state rights based in minority status. Peak emigration years were 1905-1907 and this is accounted for by increased social discontent coupled with marketing of shipping lines and agents. Minorities left in higher percentages than ethnic Hungarians and the effect was to increase the Hungarian population to the majority. Emigration ended with the advent of World War I (WWI). Post WWI, new minorities were created due to the partitioning of the Banat, but immigration nearly halted due to the 1924 United States Immigration Act. (Author abstract)