Orphans livelihood and education through restocking of improved indigenous chicken project

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Southern New Hampshire University
The population of HIV/AIDS orphans thereafter referred as orphans and vulnerable children is growing rapidly, the family, community and government capacities are overstretched, and the potentials of young people to develop, participate and contribute to society's development are being threatened by the impact of HIV/AIDS. The objective of this work was to obtain in-dept understanding of orphans care issues that were important in the community and identify obstacles that affect orphans access to basic education and ultimately come up with workable solution to support orphans access basic education. A survey was carried out in Uzogole, Ibadakuli and Mwagala villages in Ibadakuli ward Shinyanga Municipality. A range of information gathering methods were employed including; consultation meetings, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), direct observations and administering questionnaires to Orphan's guardians, local government leaders, and Primary school teachers. The findings of this study shows that orphans live in difficult environments that hinders them to comfortably access education. The information collected revealed that there is an increasing number of orphans and vulnerable children caused by the killer disease AIDS. It was also noted that 51% of orphans under the survey area are being taken care of by their Grand parents. Limited productivity of Grand parents makes them difficult to meet their own needs as well as those of the grand children. The survey established major problems that prohibit orphans from accessing basic education to include food insecurity, clothing (School Uniforms), Lack or inadequate learning facilities and gender insensitivity and that little support has been undertaken so far to support orphans In view of the observations and recommendations given in this work, a livelihood project proposal of "Restocking of Improved indigenous" chicken has been developed and presented to KIHITA for funding and implementation. The project is designed to increase income of orphan's families to be able to support poor orphans to access basic education as a fundamental right for all citizens in Tanzania. (Author abstract)