Land regularisation through participatory approach in Tanzania : the case of Ubungo Darajani -- Dar es Salaam

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Southern New Hampshire University
Community Land Regularization in Ubungo Darajani stemmed from common problems in the community. These include poor vehicular accessibility, increasing land conflict and fear of eviction by the government due to insecure tenure. The commonly felt problems obliged the community to come together and collectively work to address land development and management (regularization) problems. Community togetherness is seen as an instrument for engendering social capital as well as strategy for resource mobilization. They were attracted to belong to the common course at the same time they wanted to associate with community achievements. This is power of collective and social network theory. Their effective mobilization, coordination among the actors and effective linkage with other institutions such as University College of Lands and Architectural Studies (UCLAS), the Kinondoni Municipal Authority, Utility Agencies and the Ministry of Lands and Human Settlements Development were the basis for the achievement recorded in this area. In addition, the trust, networking capacity building, common norms and rules negotiation were important factors leading to success of the project. Community participation guarantees that a felt need is involved, sense of ownership, an intrinsic value and a catalyst for further development efforts. The study concludes that unless the land Regularisation activities on going in informal settlements are closely monitored and regulated as the settlement grow, it will be costly socially and economically to retrofit. (Author abstract)