Street children identification and capititation : a case study in Songea Municipal Council, Ruvuma Region, Tanzania

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Southern New Hampshire University
This study was conducted in Songea Municipal, Ruvuma Region. The study was conducted in three wards, namely, Lizaboni, Mfaranyaki and Bombambili. The main objective of the study was to capacitate street children so that they can be self reliant. The specific objectives were identification of street children, training, care and support of street children, and provision of capital grand to graduate street children. The study comprised a random sample of 30 street children, 9 vulnerable children, 4 street children attending vocational training, 12 ward leaders, 9 community members, one GSM leader, and one Municipal community development officer. Sample selection was carefully done to avoid bias. Primary data were obtained through personal observation, administering of structured questionnaire and focus group discussion. Secondary data was obtained from GSM office, KIWOHEDE office, Songea Municipal office, Ruvuma Regional secretariat office and Southern New Hampshire University/Open University of Tanzania library. Descriptive statistics as frequencies and percentage were used in analysis. The results from this study show that the problem of street children exists and the major factors that contribute to this problem are poverty, divorce, orphanage and large family. However, poverty is the major cause of this problem in the study area. (Author abstract)