Performance evaluation of community based environmental conservation projects : the case study of three villages in Karatu District Tanzania

dc.contributor.advisorKisoza, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.authorHallu, Salustin N.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-06-07T19:43:15Z
dc.date.available2010-06-07T19:43:15Z
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.description.abstractTanzania like many other developing countries is keen to attract investment in fostering the countries social economic development. It is important that environmental considerations should not been as obstacles to investment. However, this should not be a warrant for sacrificing polices geared towards the short term economic gains. What we are witnessing now is the continuous reduction of nature absorptive capacity of our produced waste and rapid exhaustion of resources. In other words we have not pursued development that would bring gains to our generations without compromising capabilities of the future generations. Much effort has been applied on environmental conservation but less has been achieved. The environmental conservation mechanism was derived from the problem caused by human activities as have been identified by the HIMAKA-NGO and other stakeholders in the three villages namely Tloma, Ayalabe and Rhotia, in areas adjacent to the Ngorongoro Conservation, in Karatu District. The methods used in the study are questionnaire, interviews, observation and focus group discussions. It has been envisaged that deforestation caused by bricks burning, cutting trees for fuel wood, building material, overgrazing, and uncontrolled soil erosion due to poor farming system, and are noted as the main environmental problems. It was found that communities, through awareness raising and educational campaigns in collaboration with HIMAKA, have attempted very little to practice, Zero grazing, contours making in farms, agro forestry practices, improved stoves, interlocking (soil compacted) bricks, and tree planting as environmental conservation measures. It was concluded and recommended that community participation is fundamental in solving environmental conservation problems in rural areas. Also involvement of various stake holders is essential in all stages of planning and implementing environmental projects. More efforts should be instituted to activate people's morale toward environmental management projects and applications of appropriate environmental conservation technologies be supported. The performance of such projects have not well assessed by NGO. Further more as the practical aspect of this study, some projects have been demonstrated by the communities attempting to improve environment and reduce poverty because environmental destruction has direct relationship with increasing poverty at all levels. The total estimated cost of running the program was expected to amount Tshs. 64,630,000/= per year. Communities will also participate hence reducing the cost, and making the program sustainable as community will develop a sense of ownership. (Author's abstract)en_US
dc.description.bibliographicCitationHallu, S. N. (2007). Performance evaluation of community based environmental conservation projects: the case study of three villages in Karatu District Tanzania. Retrieved from http://academicarchive.snhu.eduen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Science (M.S.)en_US
dc.description.schoolSchool of Community Economic Developmenten_US
dc.digSpecsCreation hardware: Epson Expression 10000XL Color Flatbed Scanner. Creation software: ABBYY FineReader Professional 9.0; Adobe Acrobat Professional 9.3en_US
dc.format.extent8408582 bytesen_US
dc.format.extent3752368 bytesen_US
dc.format.mediaTypePDFen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10474/363
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSouthern New Hampshire Universityen_US
dc.relation.requiresAdobe Acrobat Readeren_US
dc.rightsAuthor retains all ownership rights. Further reproduction in violation of copyright is prohibiteden_US
dc.rightsHolderHallu, Salustin N.en_US
dc.sourceOriginal format: Bound CED Project Report, Shapiro Library, Southern New Hampshire Universityen_US
dc.subject.lcshSouthern New Hampshire University -- Theses (Community Economic Development)en_US
dc.subject.lcshOpen University of Tanzania -- Theses (Community Economic Development)en_US
dc.subject.othersolid waste managementen_US
dc.subject.otherwater supplyen_US
dc.subject.otherpublic healthen_US
dc.subject.otherKaratu District (TZ)en_US
dc.subject.otherArusha Region (TZ)en_US
dc.subject.otherTanzaniaen_US
dc.titlePerformance evaluation of community based environmental conservation projects : the case study of three villages in Karatu District Tanzaniaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
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