Assessment of a community based watershed management project, a case study in Kelamfuamokala Ward, Rombo district - Tanzania

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Southern New Hampshire University
The degradation of water resources and increasing water scarcity are the major threats to the welfare of community in Kelamfuamokala ward in Rombo District - Tanzania. Given this situation, a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) "Development Investors Through Environmental Conservation" (DITEC) embarked on a project aimed at facilitating Sustainable Integrated watershed Management. The activities of the project includes; water source protection, establishment of on-farm tree nurseries, aforestation activities and reinforcing by laws and principal legislation on water and environment management. The methodology used in the research of this project includes, the collection of information from the community through Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and interviewing of selected groups and individuals by structured questionnaires and established checklist questions. The findings from the research show that mismanagement of watershed areas has resulted into lack of adequate water for community use. The recommended solution to the problem is to introduce a Participatory Integrated Watershed Management (PIWM) skill. Some immediate recommendations was to introduce a systematic capacity building for the project staff and to the community and to use more holistic approach in developing a master plan for Integrated Watershed Management at village levelIn order to have a good impact on this organizational structure it is important to concentrate the effort in a limited area such as, ward, villages and to the specific watersource point. (Author abstract)