Effectiveness of waste management endeavours managed by The Association for the Collection and Distribution of Recyclable Waste in Vingunguti in Ilala Municipal, Dar Es Salaam

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Southern New Hampshire University
Africa is currently undergoing rapid change. In most Africa countries a major population redistribution process is occurring as a result of rapid urbanization at the time when the economic performance of these countries is generally poor. Besieged by a plethora of problems, urban authorities are generally seen as incapable of dealing with the problems of rapid urbanization. One major area in which urban authorities appear to have failed to fulfill their duties is in waste management. All African countries have Laws requiring urban authorities to manage waste. Yet, in most urban areas only fraction of waste generated daily is collected and safely disposed of by authorities. Collection of solid waste is usually confined to the city centre and high-income neighborhoods, and even there the service is usually irregular. Most parts of the city never benefit from public solid waste disposal. Only a tiny fraction of urban households or firms are connected to a sewer network or to local septic tanks, and even for these households and firms, emptying or treatment services hardly exist. Industrial waste is usually disposed of, untreated, into the environment. This report looks at whole the problems and opportunities of collection and recyclable of waste management in Dar es Salaam through community groups, private waste collectors, scavengers and institutions connected with waste management. Therefore, the association for the collection and distribution of recyclable waste (UTADA) which is a community based organization. UTADA has started composing organic wastes as means of improving community environmental condition and generating income through recyclable solid waste. In terms of appropriate roles of CBOs and Local authorities the research provides evidence that communities are more than willing to provide for themselves urban service like waste management which Local Authorities are unable to do so, also in providing advice, training and credit to these CBOs is very important. While the resource of local authorities are best employed in regulating, coordinating and advising CBO and NGO efforts in the provision of urban service like waste management. This study has also demonstrated the importance of preparing training manual for association in order to facilitate them on improve the health and well being of participants who live and work in dump areas. (Author abstract)