Spotted Lanternflies in Eastern Pennsylvania
Southern New Hampshire University
The Spotted lanternfly (SLF) is an invasive species. SLF are planthoppers, an insect that jumps from one location to another. SLF are native to China but have spread to other parts of the world, including the United States. The species was first spotted in Eastern Pennsylvania in 2014. Since then, the SLF has spread to surrounding states. The insects feed on the sap in tree leaves and then secrete the extra sap through Honeydew, which is damaging to plants. In addition, SLF numbers increase at high rates, which can overwhelm the environment. SLF are hitchhiking insects. They will lay their eggs on any hard surface. These surfaces include trees, shipping containers, and vehicles. When the eggs are laid on a moving surface, this helps to increase the spread of the species. Preventing the spread of SLF is the issue this paper aims to address. By researching SLF habits, new prevention methods are found. Although there are prevention procedures in place, no strategy is fully effective. There are methods currently used to decrease the spread of the species. Next, problem-solving must occur at the root of the issue. If the population numbers are minimized, then there will be fewer eggs laid, which means a decreased spread. A new method needs to be explored to discover if there are ways to lessen the population numbers. This research will provide a viable solution to the issue at hand, while also educating other people about the species.