Environmental conservation using rice by-products and reafforestation : Ndungu Village

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Southern New Hampshire University
As stated in the thesis project "A large Majority of Tanzanians live in villages in rural areas, their main economic activities being farming and animal husbandry to support their life. The villages and Ujamaa Villages Act, no. 21 of 1975 established governance organs at the Village level. The Act provides for the establishment of village Councils, village government, a number of Committees, and further stipulated the powers, responsibilities and duties of the village councils. The people aging 18 years and above, constituted the village Assembly, which elected leaders and other representatives including the village council whose members are supposed to be 25 only. This was the highest organ for decision making in the village. Then there were five committees each comprising five members. These were the Defense and Security Committee, Production and Marketing Committee, Planning and Finance Committee, Construction and Transport Committee. Also there was Education, culture and Social Services Committee. The constitution of United Republic of Tanzania (URT) is the one, which has established the villages in Tanzania. This is well stipulated in the following cited articles of the constitution. Article 145 (1) of the constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977, expressly provide for local government at local levels where a village is expressly mentioned. Also other statutes, which talk about the village establishment, include Local Government (Urban Authorities) Act of 1982 and Local Government (District Authorities) Act of 1982 underscore devolution of powers to local levels and democratization being the fundamental basis of Local Governance. The implication of these provisions is that the village governance is established by the constitution as a level of governance and that the village government has constitutional foundation." (Library-derived description)