Pre-school development in pastoral community : the case study of PALISEP

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Southern New Hampshire University
Education in pastoralist community is still very low and requires extra efforts from the government, non governmental organizations and community based organizations in sensitizing community on the importance of education. The non-formalization of pre-school education in Tanzania has apart from denying children opportunities to prepare for primary education, resulted in adverse effects on the delivery, quality, effectiveness and efficiency of education in general. Specifically this project paper pinpoints the initiatives taken by PALISEP in pre-school development in Enguserosambu village, located in Loliondo Division, Ngorongoro District, Arusha region. The study was conducted from January to July 2004. Some of the reasons outlined in the study which hinder the development of pre-school in the area include; problem of language, long distance to existing school, shortage of qualified pre-school teachers, lack of relevant teaching and learning materials, some parents not fully aware of the importance of education, child labour in taking care of cattle and female genital mutilation and early marriages among girls. The study also indicates recommendations for possible strategies in promoting pre-school education in Tanzania and particularly in pastoral communities. The study shows the contribution of community in collaboration with Donors and involvement of district authorities on how they can influence change among pastoralists towards education. It goes further into specifics how it can help to promote pre-school education in pastoral communities through performing activities such as capacity building to teachers, parents, opinion leaders, provision of facilities such as construction of classes, furnitures, teaching and learning materials. In the real fact the solutions as well as the problems will always be in the hands and minds of people. This is how community based organizations approach can help to influence change in rural communities towards achieving Tanzania vision 2025. (Author abstract)